Map of France : relief

Map of France : relief

Relief of France

France has a very varied relief, about two thirds of its surface is composed of plains distributed mainly in the north and west. On the other hand, in the south and east, France is mainly characterized by its mountainous relief. The main mountainous areas are :

  • The Vosges, located in the north east whose highest peak is the Ballon de Guebwiller with an altitude of 1426 meters.
  • The Vosges, located in the north east whose highest peak is the Ballon de Guebwiller with an altitude of 1426 meters.
  • The Alps, located in the southeast. are altitude peaks at 4810 meters at the level of the Mont Blanc. It is the highest peak in Western Europe.
  • The Massif Central, located in the southern half of France. It culminates at 1889 meters at the level of the Puy de Sancy.
  • The Pyrenees, located south of Fance, form a natural border with Spain. Its maximum altitude is at Pic d'Aneto at about 3404 meters.

The Jura, the Alps and the Pyrenees all have high peaks: they are young mountains. On the other hand, the Vosges and the Massif Central both have rounded summits: they are old mountains. They are not very high.

Lexicon of relief :

  • Plain : these are areas with very little relief, located at a very low altitude in relation to sea level.
  • Plateau : flat surface located at a more or less significant altitude with respect to the sea level.
  • Valley : gorge more or less lard=ge dug by a river or a glacier.
  • Mountain : very high natural ground elevation.
  • Hill : low relief at the rounded top.
  • Mount: it is an isolated relief or a summit in a mountain range.
  • Pic : relief at the sharp apex.
  • Crêt : summit of a mountain consisting of a ridge line.
  • Ballon : rounded summit of a mountain.
  • Puy : mountain top of volcanic origin.

The 100 highest communes (altitude)

 

Above are the 100 French communes with the highest altitude (altitude is shaded in grey and is expressed in metres). From this list, it appears that the highest town in France is Saint-Véran, located in the Hautes Alpes department in the Provence-Alpes-Côtes d'Azur region. Its altitude is 2040 meters, it is populated by 303 inhabitants (census 2012) for a surface area of 44.8 km2.


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